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Terrestrial lichen data for Saskatchewan, Canada

Citation

Johnstone, Jill et al. (2021), Terrestrial lichen data for Saskatchewan, Canada, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.tb2rbnzzj

Abstract

Increased fire activity due to climate change may impact the successional dynamics of boreal forests, with important consequences for caribou habitat. Early successional forests have been shown to support lower quantities of caribou forage lichens, but geographic variation in, and controls on, the rates of lichen recovery have been largely unexplored. In this study, we sampled across a broad region in northwestern Canada to compare lichen biomass accumulation in ecoprovinces, including the Saskatchewan Boreal Shield, the Northwest Territories Taiga Shield and Northwest Territories Taiga Plains, divided into North and South. We focused on the most valuable Cladonia species for boreal and barren ground caribou: Cladonia mitis and C. arbuscula, C. rangiferina and C. stygia, C. stellaris and C. uncialis. We developed new allometric equations to estimate lichen biomass from field measurements of lichen cover and height; allometries were consistent among ecoprovinces, suggesting generalizability. We then used estimates of lichen biomass to quantify patterns of lichen recovery in different stand types, ecoprovinces, and with time following stand-replacing fire. We used a hurdle model to account both for the heterogeneous nature of lichen presence (zero-inflation), and the range of abundance in stands where lichen was present. The first component of the hurdle model, a generalized linear model (GLM), identified stand age, stand type and ecoprovince as significant predictors of lichen presence. With a logistic growth model, a measure of lichen recovery (time to 50% asymptotic value) varied from 28 to 73 years, dependent on stand type and ecoprovince. The combined predictions of the hurdle model suggest the most rapid recovery of lichen biomass across our study region occurred in jack pine in the Boreal Shield (30 years), while stands located in the Taiga Plains (North and South) required a longer recovery period (approximately 75 years). These results provide a basis for estimating future caribou habitat that encompasses some of the large variation in fire effects on lichen abundance and vegetation types across the range of boreal and barren ground caribou in North America.

Methods

221 plots were established with 2, 2 by 2 m quadrats within three age categories: young burn (4–12 years), old burn (12–52 years), and mature (> 52 years). Destructive samples of caribou forage (i.e. Cladonia mitis and C. arbuscula, C. rangiferina and C. stygia, C. stellaris and C. uncialis, Flavocetraria spp., Cetraria spp., Stereocaulon spp., Cladonia spp. (cup lichen only)) were collected in 20 x 20 cm quadrat at one third of the sites in each ecoprovince to sample the full range of variation in lichen thallus height and cover present within the study area. Lichen biomass samples were processed in the lab to obtain measurements of lichen dry weight per unit area. Plant parts, non-target species, dirt, plant litter and decaying basal regions of lichens were separated from lichen samples with tweezers and deionized water, then lichens were placed in paper bags and stored at room temperature. After sorting, all samples were oven-dried at 30°C for 24 hours and weighed with a digital scale (minimum precision ± 0.001 g).

Usage Notes

Each data file has a metadata sheet.

Funding

Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada