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Coded respondent survey data analysis of the socio-economic status of jasmine growers in Huvina Hadagali

Cite this dataset

Joisa, Jyeshtaraja; Joshi, Harisha G; T. C., Kavitha; Bhasha, Javed (2024). Coded respondent survey data analysis of the socio-economic status of jasmine growers in Huvina Hadagali [Dataset]. Dryad. https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.tb2rbp09d

Abstract

Background:

This socio-economic analysis studies the influence of jasmine production on the economic well-being of farmers in Huvina Hadagali, a region known for its high-quality jasmine flowers. The Vijaya Nagara district's Havina Hadagali area is well known throughout the country for its jasmine flower farming. In addition to being referred to as Mallige Nadu, this location is also known as Malligeya Tavaru. The cultivation of the jasmine flower is protected by the Geographical Indication (GI) Tag, and this flower has been popular in this region for a substantial amount of time.

Methods:

Data was collected from a sample of 364 jasmine growers using a structured questionnaire in Huvina Hadagali, Vijayanagar district. The data focused on different socio-economic factors such as income levels, employment, market access, and agricultural techniques. The study is analysed using IBM SPSS through frequency analysis and 2-step clustering.

Result:

The results demonstrate that the cultivation of jasmine makes a substantial contribution to the local economy, serving as a main or additional source of income for numerous households. Jasmine farming often contributes 40% of the whole household income, and during peak seasons, it provides significant economic advantages. Nevertheless, the highlighted obstacles were volatile market pricing, pest infestations, and limited access to contemporary farming practices. The study emphasizes the crucial significance of cooperative societies and local marketplaces in stabilising income and offering essential resources and training to farmers.

Conclusion:

The research highlights the necessity of governmental interventions focused on developing market infrastructure, offering financial assistance, and improving access to agricultural innovations to maintain and augment the economic advantages of jasmine cultivation in Huvina Hadagali.

https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.tb2rbp09d

README: Coded Respondent Survey Data Analysis of the Socio-Economic Status of Jasmine Growers in Huvina Hadagali

1.Title

Coded Respondent Survey Data Analysis of the Socio-Economic Status of Jasmine Growers in Huvina Hadagali

2. Introduction

This study examines the socio-economic status of jasmine growers in Huvina Hadagali through a structured questionnaire consisting of 45 categorical questions. The questionnaire addresses various factors such as demographic information, economic conditions, labor and employment, market and sales dynamics, post-harvest handling, and cultivation practices of jasmine. The goal is to gain a comprehensive understanding of the factors influencing the livelihoods of these farmers.

3. Dataset Description

Source: Data was collected directly from jasmine growers in Huvina Hadagali, located in the Vijayanagara district. Farmers provided the data by completing the questionnaires on their farms.

Data Collection Method: A purposive sampling method was employed to gather data. Hard copies of the questionnaire were distributed to the farmers for them to fill out.

Data Coding: The responses were coded numerically (e.g., 1, 2, 3, ..., n) for analysis purposes.

Data Variables:

1.     Demographic Factors

2.     Economic Factors

3.     Labor and Employment Factors

4.     Market and Sales

5.     Post-Harvest Handling

6.     Jasmine Cultivation Practices

This structured approach ensures a thorough analysis of the socio-economic conditions affecting jasmine growers in the region.

(1) Age:

a) Up to 30 years -1

b) 31 – 40 years -2

c) 41 – 50 year -3

d) 51 – 60 years -4

e) 61 years and above-5

(2) Gender:

a) Male -1 

b) Female-2

(3) Educational Qualification:

a) Illiterate -1

b) Primary -2

c) Xth -3

d) + 2 and above -4

(4)Marital Status:

a) Unmarried -1

b) Married -2

c) Divorced-3

(5) Family Style:

a) Nuclear -1

b) Joint family-2

(6) Number of Members in your Family

a) Up to 2 -1

b) 3 – 5 -2

c) 6 – 8 -3

d) 9 and above -4

(7) Nature of Involvement in Agriculture

a) Heredity-1

b) First-generation farmer-2

(8) Nature of Land ownership.

a) Own land only -1

b) Lease land only -2

c) Both -3

(9) Area Irrigated (In Acres)

a) Up to 1 -1

b) 1.1 – 2 -2

c) 2.1 – 3 -3

d) 3.1 and above- 4

(10) Types of farming adopted

a) Mixed -1

b) Single -2

(11) Reason for Avoiding Mixed Cropping Pattern

a) More disease -1

b) Quality affected-2

c) Yield affected -3

d) All the effects -4

(12) Do you use any agricultural equipment?

a) Yes -1

b) No-2

(13) If yes**, **which type of agricultural equipment do you use?

a) Tractor -1

b) Cutter -2

c) Weeder -3

d) Sprayer -4

d) Others -5

(14) Experience in jasmine cultivation

a) Up to 10 years- 1

b) 11 – 20 years -2

c) 21 – 30 years -3

b) 31 – 40 years -4

e) 41 years & above -5

(15) Area under jasmine cultivation (in acre)

a) Up to 1

 b) 1.1 - 2

c) 2.1 – 3

d) 3.1 and above  

(16) What is the average life of jasmine plant?

a) Up to 5 years-1

b) 6 – 10 years-2             

c) 11 – 15 years-3

d) 16 years and above-4

(17) What factors influenced you to cultivate the jasmine?

(Rank as per your order of priority)

a) Suitability of soil -1

b) Availability of water-2

c) More returns -3

d) Less risk-4

(18) Could you please quote the quantity of jasmine produced by you?

(Averagely per acre in kilograms) in a Year.

a) In peak season – 1

b) In lean season – 2

(19) Sources of irrigation

a) Wells-1

b) Bore wells- 2

c) Wells and Bore wells- 3

(20) What is the nature of existing water facility?

a) Sufficient -1

b) Moderate -2

c) Insufficient -3

(21) Your opinion on existing labour

a) Insufficient -1

b) Sufficient-2

(22) Do you need permanent labour?

a) Yes- 1

b) No - 2

(23) Would you be able to get the required labourers for jasmine cultivation?

a)Yes -1

b)No -2

(24) If No, what alternatives are arranged by you?

(25) If yes, nature of work assigned to permanent labour

a) Jasmine-related works-1

b) Other crop works -2

c) Family works -3

(26) Do you give advance money to the labour?

a) Yes-1

b) No-2

(27) Opinion on wage

a) High wage rate -1

b) Normal wage rate-2

c) Low wage rate-3

(28) Mode of transport up to the market:

a) by Bus-1

b) by Cycle-2

c) by Lorry / Van-3

d) Train -4

(29) What is the source of finance*?*

a) Own fund -1

b) Borrowed funds -2

c) Both -3

(30) Sources of borrowings

a) Commission agents-1

b) Moneylenders-2

c) Commercial banks-3

(31) How do you sell the flowers? (To whom sold)

a) To pre-harvest contractors -1

b) Direct to consumer -2

c) Direct to the retailer through commission agent -3

d) Direct to wholesaler/commission agent -4

(32) Commission charges:

a) per kg.-1

b) per bud-2

(33) What is the average annual net income per acre

a) below Rs.5,000 -1

b) Rs.5000-10000 -2

c)10000-15000 -3

(34) Do you have flower growers’ associations?

a)Yes -1

b)No -2

(35) Who owns the flower market/ centre / place?

a) Private Party-1

b) Municipality -2

c) Association -3

(36) How the Hadagali Jasmines are packed

a) Gunny bag-1

b) Plastic bag-2

c) Bamboo basket-3

d) Leaves of different plants-4

(37) Value addition undertaken by the farmer for Hadagali Jasmine?

a) Garland making -1

b) Colouring the flower- 2

c) Reaching the untouched market- 3

d) Others ______________

(38) On an average the cost incurred for the transportation of Hadagali Jasmine per kg?

a) 0-20 -1

b) 20-40 -2

c) 40-60 -3

d) 60-80 -4

e) 80 and above-5

(39) How are the plucked Hadagali Jasmine are transported

a)Own vehicle -1

b)Taxi cars -2

c)Trucks -3

d)Bus -4

e)Other_______________

(40) What is the yield (kg) harvested in an acre?

a)Less than 10-1

b)10-30 -2

c)30-60 -3

d) more than 60-4

(41) Average price received for the jasmine grown per Kg

a) less than 50 -1

b) 50-100-2

c) 150- 200-3

d) 250 and above-4

42) How does the middleman help in the selling of the jasmine flowers?

a) For transporting -1

b) Purchasing the flower-2

c) Dealer for the flowers -3                   

d) Other ___________

43)How far is the market where the jasmine is sold?

a) 1-20km -1

b) 20-40km -2

c) 40-60km -3

d) 60 and above-4

44) Do you try to increase the life span of the jasmine flower grown?

a) Yes -1

b) No -2

45) Do you use refrigerators for increase the self-life of jasmine?

a)Yes -1

b)No-2

Methods

Source:

Data was collected directly from jasmine growers in Huvina Hadagali, located in the Vijayanagara district. Farmers provided the data by completing the questionnaires on their farms.

Data Collection Method:

A purposive sampling method was employed to gather data. Hard copies of the questionnaire were distributed to the farmers for them to fill out.

Data Coding:

The responses were coded numerically (e.g., 1, 2, 3, ..., n) for analysis purposes.

Data Variables:

1.     Demographic Factors

2.     Economic Factors

3.     Labor and Employment Factors

4.     Market and Sales

5.     Post-Harvest Handling

6.     Jasmine Cultivation Practices