Data from: Sexual signals reveal males’ oxidative stress defenses: testing the hypothesis in an invertebrate
Martínez-Lendech, Norma; Golab, Maria J.; Osorio-Beristain, Marcela; Contreras-Garduño, Jorge (2019), Data from: Sexual signals reveal males’ oxidative stress defenses: testing the hypothesis in an invertebrate, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.td470
1.The hypothesis that sexual traits reveal the oxidative stress resistance of their bearers has been widely tested in vertebrates but remains unexplored in invertebrates. Here, Hetaerina americana was used to test whether oxidative stress defenses are advertised by male wing spot size and color (a male sexual trait). To this end we asked (1) whether oxidative stress reduced survival, (2) whether wing spot size revealed males’ antioxidant defenses, and (3) how wing spot size and color were affected by oxidative stress.
2.We elevated oxidative stress by injecting adult males with paraquat (a compound that favors the production of free radicals) and then examined how this affected male survival and wing spot size. We then related the expression of wing spot size to indicators of oxidative stress – H2O2 and total Antioxidant Capacity (TAC), Super Oxide Dismutase (SOD) and Catalase (CAT) – in adult males (whose wing spot is fixed) injected with Paraquat (PQ). In teneral males, whose wing-spots are still forming, we compared wing-spot size, color (red and yellow chroma) and brightness in individuals injected with paraquat, or water as a control.
3.Oxidative stress reduced the survival of adult and teneral males. While the H2O2 and TAC markers of antioxidant defenses were positively correlated with wing spot size, there was no correlation with CAT and a negative correlation with SOD. In teneral males, PQ increased the yellow chroma and brightness of wing spots, but did not affect spot size or red chroma.
4.Our results highlight the importance of measuring different markers as indicators of male oxidative stress defenses, and that the sexual signals of invertebrates may reveal the oxidative stress status of their bearers.