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Green synthesis of ZnO nanoparticles using Cocos nucifera leaf extract: Characterization, antimicrobial, antioxidant, and photocatalytic activity

Citation

Rahman, Farjana et al. (2022), Green synthesis of ZnO nanoparticles using Cocos nucifera leaf extract: Characterization, antimicrobial, antioxidant, and photocatalytic activity, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.tht76hf27

Abstract

Zinc oxide nanoparticles (ZnO NPs) have been successfully prepared using Cocos nucifera leaf extract and investigated with their antimicrobial, antioxidant, and photocatalytic activity. The structural, compositional, and morphological properties of the NPs were recorded and studied systematically to confirm the synthesis. The aqueous suspension of NPs showed a UV-Vis. absorption maxima of 370 nm indicating primarily its formation. The XRD analysis identified the NPs with hexagonal wurtzite structure with an average particle size of 16.6 nm. The FTIR analysis identified some biomolecules and functional groups in the leaf extract as responsible for the encapsulation and stabilization of ZnO NPs. The EDX analysis showed the desired elemental compositions in the material. A flower-shaped morphology of ZnO NPs was observed by SEM with a grain size of around 15 nm. The optical properties of the NPs were studied by UV-Vis spectroscopy and the bandgap was calculated as 3.37 eV. The Prepared ZnO NPs have demonstrated antimicrobial activity against T. harzianum, and S. aureus with a ZOI (zone of inhibition) of 14 and 10 mm, respectively. The photocatalytic behavior of ZnO NPs showed absorbance degradation at around 640 nm and discolored methylene blue dye after one hour with a degradation maximum of 84.29 %. Thus, the prepared ZnO NPs could be used potentially in antibiotic development, pharmaceutical industries, and as photocatalysts. 

Funding

GARE (Grant for advanced research in education), Ministry of Education, Dhaka, Award: PS 20191023