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Clinical and genomic evaluation of 207 genetic myopathies in the Indian subcontinent

Citation

Chakravorty, Samya et al. (2020), Clinical and genomic evaluation of 207 genetic myopathies in the Indian subcontinent, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.tmpg4f4w6

Abstract

Objective

Inherited myopathies comprise more than 200 different individually rare disease-subtypes but when combined together have a high prevalence of 1 in 6000 individuals across the world. Our goal was to determine for the first time the clinical- and gene-variant spectrum of genetic myopathies in a substantial cohort study of the Indian subcontinent.

Methods

In this cohort-study, we performed the first large clinical exome sequencing (ES) study with phenotype correlation on 207 clinically well-characterized inherited myopathy-suspected patients from the Indian subcontinent with diverse ethnicities.

Results

Clinical-correlation driven definitive molecular diagnosis was established in 49% (101 cases; 95% CI, 42%-56%) of patients with the major contributing pathogenicity in either of three genes, GNE (28%; GNE-myopathy), DYSF (25%; Dysferlinopathy) and CAPN3 (19%; Calpainopathy). We identified 65 variant alleles comprising 37 unique variants in these three major genes. 78% of the DYSF patients were homozygous for the detected pathogenic variant suggesting the need for carrier-testing for autosomal-recessive disorders like Dysferlinopathy that are common in India. We describe the observed clinical spectrum of myopathies including uncommon and rare subtypes in India: Sarcoglycanopathies (SGCA/B/D/G), Collagenopathy (COL6A1/2/3), Anoctaminopathy (ANO5), telethoninopathy (TCAP), Pompe-disease (GAA), Myoadenylate-deaminase-deficiency-myopathy (AMPD1), myotilinopathy (MYOT), laminopathy (LMNA), HSP40-proteinopathy (DNAJB6), Emery-Dreifuss-muscular-dystrophy (EMD), Filaminopathy (FLNC), TRIM32-proteinopathy (TRIM32), POMT1-proteinopathy (POMT1), and Merosin-deficiency-congenital-muscular-dystrophy-type-1 (LAMA2). 13 Patients harbored pathogenic variants in >1 gene and had unusual clinical features suggesting a possible role of synergistic-heterozygosity / digenic-contribution to disease presentation and progression.

Conclusions

Application of clinically-correlated ES to myopathy diagnosis has improved our understanding of the clinical and genetic spectrum of different subtypes and their overlaps in Indian patients. This, in turn, will enhance the global gene-variant-disease databases by including data from developing countries/continents for more efficient clinically-driven molecular diagnostics.

Methods

In this cohort-study, we performed the first large clinical exome sequencing (ES) study with phenotype correlation on 207 clinically well-characterized inherited myopathy-suspected patients from the Indian subcontinent with diverse ethnicities.

Funding

Muscular Dystrophy Association

Jain Foundation