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Data and R code for: Temperature-induced multispecies cohort effects in sympatric snakes

Citation

King, Richard (2023), Data and R code for: Temperature-induced multispecies cohort effects in sympatric snakes, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.tmpg4f50h

Abstract

In reptiles, reproductive maturity is often determined by size rather than age. Consequently, growth early in life may influence population dynamics through effects on generation time and survival to reproduction. Because reproductive phenology and pre- and post-natal growth are temperature-dependent, environmental conditions may induce multi-species cohort effects on body size in sympatric reptiles. I present evidence of this using ten years of neonatal size data for three sympatric viviparous snakes, Dekay’s Brownsnakes (Storeria dekayi), Red-bellied Snakes (S. occipitomaculata) and Common Gartersnakes (Thamnophis sirtalis). End-of-season neonatal size varied in parallel across species such that snout-vent length was 36-61% greater and mass was 65-223% greater in years when gestating females could achieve higher April-May (vs. June-July or August-September) operative temperatures. Thus, temperature had a larger impact during follicular enlargement and ovulation than during gestation or post-natal growth. Multi-species cohort effects like these may affect population dynamics and increase with climate change.