Data from: Scientific output scales with resources. A comparison of US and European Universities
Lepori, Benedetto; Geuna, Aldo; Mira, Antonietta (2019), Data from: Scientific output scales with resources. A comparison of US and European Universities, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.tq645ft
By using a comprehensive dataset of US and European universities, we demonstrate super-linear scaling between university revenues and their volume of publications and (field-normalized) citations. We show that this relationship holds both in the US and in Europe. In terms of resources, our data show that three characteristics differentiate the US system: (1) a significantly higher level of resources for the entire system, (2) a clearer distinction between education-oriented institutions and doctoral universities and (3) a higher concentration of resources among doctoral universities. Accordingly, a group of US universities receive a much larger amount of resources and have a far higher number of publications and citations when compared to their European counterparts. These results demonstrate empirically that international rankings are by and large richness measures and, therefore, can be interpreted only by introducing a measure of resources. Implications for public policies and institutional evaluation are finally discussed.