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Data from: A new mound-building biota from the lower Carboniferous of Alabama

Cite this dataset

Kopaska-Merkel, David C.; Haywick, Douglas W.; Keyes, Richard (2019). Data from: A new mound-building biota from the lower Carboniferous of Alabama [Dataset]. Dryad.


A small (1.2 m) columnar carbonate mound in shaley strata equivalent to the Hartselle Sandstone (lower Serpukhovian) near Woodville in northeastern Alabama was built by a consortium of species unlike those of other Carboniferous mounds in the southeastern United States. The mound contains a new problematic microencruster, Aphralysia anfracta n. sp., along with encrusting bryozoans (Fistulipora M'Coy, 1849), nonskeletal microbes, and other microencrusters, including Aphralysia capriorae Mamet and Roux 1975, in a carbonate mud matrix. Mound cavities are filled with three generations of carbonate and siliciclastic sediment. Other biotic constituents of the mound include oncoids, sponges (including Pileospongia Rigby et al., 1979), gastropods, crinoids, a tabulate coral, and coenobionts, including coccoid calcimicrobes. The mound biota, especially the microencrusters, is dramatically different from those of other Serpukhovian mounds that have been described from Alabama (made by various consortia of rugose corals, fenestrate bryozoa, crinoids, sponges, and nonskeletal microbes). Indeed, the Woodville mound extends the range of the lower Carboniferous encruster Aphralysia to North America.


These datasets consist of (1) sample site locations, (2) measurements of diameters, wall thickness, and shape characteristics of tubules of Aphralysia anfracta. These measurements were made on digital photographs of thin sections, at intersections of a superimposed grid, using a calibrated scale, (3) sample numbers, and (4) size measurements of Aphralysia capriorae vesicles in specimen GSA-M265, made as in dataset (2).

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