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No evidence for incipient speciation by selfing in North American Arabidopsis lyrata

Citation

Gorman, Courtney; Li, Yan; Dorken, Marcel; Stift, Marc (2021), No evidence for incipient speciation by selfing in North American Arabidopsis lyrata , Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.ttdz08kx6

Abstract

Self-fertilization inherently restricts gene flow by reducing the fraction of offspring that can be produced by inter-population matings. Therefore, mating system transitions from outcrossing to selfing could result in reproductive isolation between selfing and outcrossing lineages and provide a starting point for speciation. In newly diverged lineages, for example after a transition to selfing, further reproductive isolation can be caused by a variety of prezygotic and postzygotic mechanisms that operate before, during, and after pollination. In animals, prezygotic barriers tend to evolve faster than postzygotic ones. This is not necessarily the case for plants, for which the relative importance of post-mating, post-fertilization, and early acting post-zygotic barriers has been investigated far less. To test whether post-pollination isolation exists between populations of North American Arabidopsis lyrata that differ in breeding (self-incompatible versus self-compatible) and mating system (outcrossing versus selfing), we compared patterns of seed set after crosses made within populations, between populations of the same mating system, and between populations with different mating systems. We found no evidence for post-pollination isolation between plants from selfing populations (self-compatible, low outcrossing rates) and outcrossing populations (self-incompatible, high outcrossing rates) via either prezygotic or early-acting postzygotic mechanisms. Together with the results of other studies indicating the absence of reproductive barriers acting before and during pollination, we conclude that the transition to selfing in this study system has not led to the formation of reproductive barriers between selfing and outcrossing populations of North American A. lyrata.

Funding

German Research Foundation, Award: 388824194

German Research Foundation, Award: 388824194