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Data from: Hatching date influences winter habitat occupancy: examining seasonal interactions across the full annual cycle in a migratory songbird

Citation

Akresh, Michael; King, David; Marra, Peter (2021), Data from: Hatching date influences winter habitat occupancy: examining seasonal interactions across the full annual cycle in a migratory songbird, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.tx95x69xc

Abstract

Birds experience a sequence of critical events during their life cycle, and past events can subsequently determine future performance via carry-over effects. Events during the non-breeding season may influence breeding season phenology or productivity. Less is understood about how events during the breeding season affect individuals subsequently in their life cycle. Using stable carbon isotopes, we examined carry-over effects throughout the annual cycle of prairie warblers (Setophaga discolor), a declining Nearctic-Neotropical migratory passerine bird. In drier winters, juvenile males that hatched earlier at our study site in Massachusetts, USA occupied wetter, better-quality winter habitat in the Caribbean, as indicated by depleted carbon isotope signatures. For juveniles that were sampled again as adults, repeatability in isotope signatures indicated similar winter habitat occupancy across years. Thus, hatching date of juvenile males appears to influence lifetime winter habitat occupancy. For adult males, reproductive success did not carry over to influence winter habitat occupancy. We did not find temporally consecutive ‘domino’ effects across the annual cycle (breeding to wintering to breeding) or inter-seasonal, intergenerational effects. Our finding that a male’s hatching date can have a lasting effect on winter habitat occupancy represents an important contribution to our understanding of seasonal interactions in migratory birds.

 

Methods

Please see the publication for methods on how the dataset was collected.