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Invasion disharmony in the global biogeography of native and non-native beetle species


Liebhold, Andrew (2021), Invasion disharmony in the global biogeography of native and non-native beetle species, Dryad, Dataset,


These data consist of a comprehensive list (as of 2020) of all known non-native Coleoptera (beetle) species established in 10 world regions: North America (excluding Mexico), Japan, the Okinawa and Ogasawara Islands, the Hawaiian Islands, South Korea, Europe (including the European part of Russia), New Zealand, Australia, and the Galapagos Islands. It does not include species that were known to have been intentionally introduced, species that failed to establish or species that only exist indoors (e.g., in greenhouses). Taxonomy of each species was verified using the GBIF backbone taxonomy.

We also include tables summarizing numbers of Coleoptera species in each family for both native and non-native species established in each of the 10 regions


Lists were compiled from the following major sources:

Azuma, S., Yafuso, M., Kinjo, M., Hayashi, M., Kohama, T., Sasaki, T., Kimura, M., & Kawamura, F. (2002) Check list of the insect of the Ryukyu islands (2nd ed.) Nishihara, Japan: The Biological Society of Okinawa.

Bouchard, P., Smith, A. B., Douglas, H., Gimmel, M. L., Brunke, A. J., & Kanda, K. (2017). Biodiversity of Coleoptera. In R.G. Foottit & P.H. Adler (Eds.), Insect Biodiversity: Science and Society (pp. 337-417). Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell.

Causton, C. E., Peck, S. B., Sinclair, B. J., Roque-Albelo, L., Hodgson, C. J., & Landry, B. (2006). Alien insects: threats and implications for conservation of Galápagos Islands. Annals of the Entomological Society of America, 99, 121-143.

de Jong, Y., Verbeek, M., Michelsen, V., de Place Bjørn, P., Los, W., Steeman, F., Bailly, N., … Hagedorn, G. (2014). Fauna Europaea - all European animal species on the web. Biodiversity Data Journal 2, e4034.

Edney-Browne, E., Brockerhoff, E. G., & Ward, D. (2018). Establishment patterns of non-native insects in New Zealand. Biological Invasions, 20, 1657-1669.

Hong, K. J., Lee, J. H., Lee, G. S., & Lee, S. (2012). The status quo of invasive alien insect species and plant quarantine in Korea. Journal of Asia-Pacific Entomology, 15, 521-532.

Lawrence, J. F., & Britton, E. B. (1991). Coleoptera (beetles). In I.M. Mackerras

Insects of Australia. A Textbook for Students and Research Workers. Vol. 2 (pp. 543–683). Cornell, NY: Cornell University Press.

Lee, W., Lee, Y., Kim, S., Lee, J. H., Lee, H., Lee, S., & Hong, K. J. (2016). Current status of exotic insect pests in Korea: comparing border interception and incursion during 1996-2014. Journal of Asia-Pacific Entomology19, 1095-1101.

Macfarlane, R.P., Maddison, P.A., Andrew, I.G., Berry, J.A., Johns, P.M., Hoare, R.J.B., Larivière, M.C., … Palma, R.L. (2010). Phylum Arthropoda subphylum Hexapoda: Protura, springtails, Diplura, and insects. New Zealand inventory of Biodiversity, 2, 233-467.

Nahrung, H. F., & Carnegie, A. J. (2020). Non-native Forest Insects and Pathogens in Australia: Establishment, Spread, and Impact. Frontiers in Forests and Global Change, 3, 37.

Nishida, G.M., ed. (1994). Hawaiian terrestrial arthropod checklist. 2nd edition. Bishop Museum Technical Report 4.

Ohbayashi, T., Inaba, M., Suzuki, H., & Kato, M. (2004). List of insects in Ogasawara islands, Japan (2002). Ogasawara Research 29, 17-74.

Paek, M.K., Hwang , J.M., Hung, K.S., Kim, T.W., Kim, M.C., Lee, Y.H., Cho ,Y.B., … Y.S. Bae. (2010). Checklist of Korean Insects. Seoul, Korea: Nature & Ecology.

Pullen, K.R., Jennings, D. & Oberprieler, R.G. (2014). Annotated catalogue of Australian weevils (Coleoptera: Curculionoidea). Zootaxa, 3896, 1-481.

Roques A., Auger-Rozenberg M.-A., Blackburn T.M., Garnas J.R., Pyšek P., Rabitsch W., Richardson D.M., … Duncan R.P. (2016). Temporal and interspecific variation in rates of spread for insect species invading Europe during the last 200 years. Biological Invasions 18 (4), 907-920. 

Roques, A., Shi, J., Auger-Rozenberg, M.-A., Ren, L., Augustin, S. and Luo, Y.-Q. (2020). Are Invasive Patterns of Non-native Insects Related to Woody Plants Differing Between Europe and China? Frontiers in Forests and Global Change 2, 91. 

Simpson, A., Eyler, M.C., Sikes, D., Bowser, M., & Sellers, E. (2018). A comprehensive list of non-native species established in three major regions of the United States: Version 3.0. U.S. Geological Survey data. .

Tadauchi, O., & Inoue, H. (2007). Database MOKUROKU Based on A check list of Japanese insects. Entomological Laboratory, Faculty of Agriculture, Kyushu University. http://konchudb. (accessed 1 June 2020)

Yamanaka, T., Morimoto, N., Nishida, G. M., Kiritani, K., Moriya, S., & Liebhold, A. M. (2015). Comparison of insect invasions in North America, Japan and their Islands. Biological invasions, 17, 3049-3061.

Usage Notes

see ReadMe worksheet in file for metadata


National Science Foundation, Award: DBI-1639145

Northern Research Station

U.S. Department of Agriculture, Award: Forest Service International Programs

Czech Operational Programme Science, Research and Education, Award: EVA4.0, No. CZ.02.1.01/0.0/0.0/16_019/0000803

German Federal Ministry of Education and Research, Award: 01LC1807A

Programme de la Famille Sandoz – Monique de Meuron pour la relève universitaire

New Zealand’s Biological Heritage, Award: C09X1501: National Science Challenge

Czech Operational Programme Science, Research and Education, Award: EVA4.0, No. CZ.02.1.01/0.0/0.0/16_019/0000803