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Data from: Multi-trait single-step genomic prediction accounting for heterogeneous (co)variances over the genome

Citation

Karaman, Emre; Lund, Mogens S.; Su, Guosheng (2019), Data from: Multi-trait single-step genomic prediction accounting for heterogeneous (co)variances over the genome, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.v4126t4

Abstract

Widely used genomic prediction models may not properly account for heterogeneous (co)variance structure across the genome. Models such as BayesA and BayesB assume locus-specific variance, which are highly influenced by the prior for (co)variance of single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) effect, regardless of the size of data. Models such as BayesC or GBLUP assume a common (co)variance for a proportion (BayesC) or all (GBLUP) of the SNP effects. In this study, we propose a multi-trait Bayesian whole genome regression method (BayesN0), which is based on grouping a number of predefined SNPs to account for heterogeneous (co)variance structure across the genome. This model was also implemented in single-step Bayesian regression (ssBayesN0). For practical implementation, we considered multi-trait single-step SNPBLUP models, using (co)variance estimates from BayesN0 or ssBayesN0. Genotype data were simulated using haplotypes on first five chromosomes of 2,200 Danish Holstein cattle, and phenotypes were simulated for two traits with heritabilities 0.1 or 0.4, assuming 200 QTL. We compared prediction accuracy from different prediction models and different region sizes (one SNP, 100 SNPs, one chromosome or whole genome). In general, highest accuracies were obtained when 100 adjacent SNPs were grouped together. The ssBayesN0 improved accuracies over BayesN0, and using (co)variance estimates from ssBayesN0 generally yielded higher accuracies than using (co)variance estimates from BayesN0, for the 100 SNPs region size. Our results suggest that it could be a good strategy to estimate (co)variance components from ssBayesN0, and then to use those estimates in genomic prediction using multi-trait single-step SNPBLUP, in routine genomic evaluations.

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