Data from: Hybrid speciation by sorting of parental incompatibilities in Italian sparrows
Hermansen, Jo S. et al. (2014), Data from: Hybrid speciation by sorting of parental incompatibilities in Italian sparrows, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.v6f4d
Speciation by hybridization is emerging as a significant contributor to biological diversification. Yet, little is known about the relative contributions of (i) evolutionary novelty and (ii) sorting of preexisting parental incompatibilities to the build-up of reproductive isolation under this mode of speciation. Few studies have addressed empirically whether hybrid animal taxa are intrinsically isolated from their parents, and no study has so far investigated by which of the two aforementioned routes intrinsic barriers evolve. Here, we show that sorting of preexisting parental incompatibilities contributes to intrinsic isolation of a hybrid animal taxon. Using a genomic cline framework, we demonstrate that the sex-linked and mito-nuclear incompatibilities isolating the homoploid hybrid Italian sparrow at its two geographically separated hybrid-parent boundaries represent a subset of those contributing to reproductive isolation between its parent species, house and Spanish sparrows. Should such a sorting mechanism prove to be pervasive, the circumstances promoting homoploid hybrid speciation may be broader than currently thought, and indeed there may be many cryptic hybrid taxa separated from their parent species by sorted, inherited incompatibilities.