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Data from: Gregarious suspension feeding in a modular Ediacaran organism

Citation

Gibson, Brandt M. et al. (2019), Data from: Gregarious suspension feeding in a modular Ediacaran organism, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.v9s0hk5

Abstract

Reconstructing Precambrian eukaryotic paleoecology is pivotal to understanding origins of the modern, animal-dominated biosphere. Here, we combine new fossil data from southern Namibia with computational fluid dynamics (CFD) testing between competing feeding models for the Ediacaran taxon Ernietta. In addition, we perform simulations for multiple individuals, allowing us to analyze hydrodynamics of living communities. We show Ernietta lived gregariously, forming shallow marine aggregations in the latest Ediacaran, 548-541 Ma. We demonstrate enhanced vertical mixing of the water column above aggregations, and preferential redirection of current into body cavities of downstream individuals. These results support reconstruction of Ernietta as a macroscopic Ediacaran suspension feeder, and moreover provide a convincing paleoecological advantage to feeding in aggregations analogous to those recognized in many extant marine metazoans. These results provide some of the oldest evidence of commensal facilitation by macroscopic eukaryotes yet recognized in the fossil record.

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