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Trophic selectivity in aquatic isopods increases with the availability of resources

Citation

Francois, Clémentine M. et al. (2020), Trophic selectivity in aquatic isopods increases with the availability of resources, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.v9s4mw6qw

Abstract

1. Trophic selectivity has major influences on consumers’ fitness, stability of predator and prey populations, and nutrient fluxes in food webs. Trophic selectivity occurs when the relative abundances of resources in a consumer's diet differ from their relative abundances in the environment. This discrepancy between resources abundance and use has been predicted to increase with the availability of resources in the environment. Trophic selectivity has also been predicted to increase with the heterogeneity of resources quality in the environment. Despite their ecological and evolutionary implications, conclusive in situ tests of these predictions are still lacking.

2. We challenged these two predictions by studying 15 closely related species of isopods distributed along a wide range of resource availability (from 1.3 to 57.6 grams of organic carbon per square meter). Our dataset ranged from deep cave systems, considered as some of the most resource-limited environments on Earth, to highly-productive surface streams.

3. For each species, we quantified the relative abundance of all available resources in the environment and estimated the heterogeneity in the stoichiometric quality of these resources. Isopod diet was determined using C and N stable isotopes and a Bayesian mixing model. The degree of trophic selectivity was then calculated for each species.

4. By coupling a standardized quantification of trophic resources with a fine determination of diets using stable isotopes, we uncovered a positive relationship between resource availability and trophic selectivity. Contrary to our second prediction, trophic selectivity did not correlate with the heterogeneity of resources quality.

5. Our results have important implications in terms of trophic competition among organisms inhabiting low-resource environments. Our findings call for further evaluation of the mechanisms causing the positive relationship between trophic selectivity and resource availability, as these mechanisms could be closely linked to those generating the documented relationship between species richness and productive energy.

Usage Notes

- SuppTables_S1-4_FE-2019-00460: data for supplemental tables 1-4

- isotopic_data: raw isotopic data. Sites as described in the Table 1 of the corresponding article

Funding

Agence Nationale de la Recherche, Award: ANR‐08‐JCJC‐0120‐01 DEEP

Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Award: 70632,EC2CO 2013–2014