Population dynamics of Amazonian floodplain forest species support spatial variation on genetic diversity but not range expansions through time
Thom, Gregory et al. (2022), Population dynamics of Amazonian floodplain forest species support spatial variation on genetic diversity but not range expansions through time, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.vdncjsxz2
Aim: We tested if historical demographic changes of populations occurring on the floodplains of a major Amazon Basin tributary could be associated with range expansions from upper and middle sections of the river, following the establishment of widespread river-created environments during the Late Pleistocene and Holocene.
Location: Solimões River, Western Amazon, South America.
Taxon: Myrmoborus lugubris, Thamnophilus cryptoleucus and Myrmotherula assimilis.
Methods: We explored spatial patterns of genetic diversity and connectivity among sampled localities using thousands of Ultra-Conserved Elements. Range expansions were tested with alternative methods. We quantified habitat preference for the analyzed species to test whether the occupation of dynamic habitats could predict spatial patterns of genetic diversity.
Results: Our study did not support shared population range expansions related to historical regionalized changes in habitat availability. We found considerable variation in the spatial distribution of the genetic diversity between studied taxa, and that species with higher levels of specialization to dynamic environments have a more heterogeneous distribution of genetic diversity and reduced levels of gene flow across space.
Main conclusions: Our results suggest that demographic expansions along the Solimões River might be linked to spatially homogeneous oscillation in the distribution of floodplain environments, promoting effective population size changes but not range expansion. We found that habitat specificity might be a good predictor of population connectivity along the Amazonian floodplains.
Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo, Award: 2012/50260-6