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Data from: Coalescent and biophysical models of stepping-stone gene flow in Neritid snails

Citation

Crandall, Eric D.; Treml, Eric A.; Barber, Paul H. (2012), Data from: Coalescent and biophysical models of stepping-stone gene flow in Neritid snails, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.vh21c

Abstract

Marine species in the Indo-Pacific have ranges that can span thousands of kilometers, yet studies increasingly suggest that mean larval dispersal distances are less than historically assumed. Gene flow across these ranges must therefore rely to some extent on larval dispersal among intermediate “stepping-stone” populations in combination with long-distance dispersal far beyond the mean of the dispersal kernel. We evaluate the strength of stepping-stone dynamics by employing a spatially explicit biophysical model of larval dispersal in the Tropical Pacific to construct hypotheses for dispersal pathways. We test these hypotheses with coalescent models of gene flow among high-island archipelagos in four Neritid gastropod species. Two of the species live in the marine intertidal, while the other two are amphidromous, living in freshwater but retaining pelagic dispersal. Dispersal pathways predicted by the biophysical model were strongly favored in 16 of 18 tests against alternate hypotheses. In regions where connectivity among high-island archipelagos was predicted as direct, there was no difference in gene flow between marine and amphidromous species. In regions where connectivity was predicted through stepping-stone atolls only accessible to marine species, gene flow estimates between high-island archipelagos were significantly higher in marine species. Moreover, one of the marine species showed a significant pattern of isolation-by-distance consistent with stepping-stone dynamics. While our results support stepping-stone dynamics in Indo-Pacific species, we also see evidence for non-equilibrium processes such as range expansions or rare long-distance dispersal events. This study provides an empirical assessment of a biophysical model that helps to shed light on larval dispersal pathways.

Usage Notes

Location

Vanuatu
Marquesas
Fiji
Cook Islands
Indo-Pacific
Central Pacific
Western Pacific
Samoa
New Caledonia
Society Islands