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Intraspecific genetic variation matters when predicting seagrass distribution under climate change

Citation

Hu, Zi-Min et al. (2021), Intraspecific genetic variation matters when predicting seagrass distribution under climate change, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.vhhmgqnsh

Abstract

Seagrasses play a vital role in structuring coastal marine ecosystems, but their distributional range and genetic diversity have declined rapidly over the past decades. In order to improve conservation of seagrass species, it is important to predict how climate change may impact their ranges. Such predictions are typically made with correlative species distribution models (SDMs), which can estimate a species’ potential distribution under present and future climatic scenarios given species’ presence data and climatic predictor variables. However, these models are typically constructed with species-level data, and thus ignore intraspecific genetic variability, which can give rise to populations with adaptations to heterogeneous climatic conditions. Here, we explore the link between intraspecific adaptation and niche differentiation in Thalassia hemprichii, a seagrass broadly distributed in the tropical Indo-Pacific Ocean and a crucial provider of habitat for numerous marine species. Using microsatellite-based genotyping, we identified two distinct phylogeographical lineages within the nominal species and found an intermediate level of differentiation in their multidimensional environmental niches, suggesting the possibility for local adaptation. We then compared projections of the species’ habitat suitability under climate change scenarios using species-level and lineage-level SDMs. In the Central Tropical Indo-Pacific region, models for both levels predicted considerable range contraction in the future, but the lineage-level models predicted more severe habitat loss. Importantly, the two modelling approaches predicted opposite patterns of habitat change in the Western Tropical Indo-Pacific region. Our results highlight the necessity of conserving distinct populations and genetic pools to avoid regional extinction due to climate change and have important implications for guiding future management of seagrasses.

Methods

Microsatellite dataset was collected from two previously published papers (Hernawan et al. 2017; Jahnke et al. 2019), and they were compiled and reused for phylogeographic analysis. Species occurence records for species distribution modelling were obtained by searching literatures and public database.

Hernawan, U., van Dijk K., Kendrick, G., Feng, M., Biffin, E., … & McMahon, K. (2017). Historical processes and contemporary ocean currents drive genetic structure in the seagrass Thalassia hemprichii in the Indo-Australian Archipelago. Molecular Ecology, 26, 1008–1021.

Jahnke, M., Gullström, M., Larsson, J., Asplund, M. E., Mgeleka, S., Silas, M. O., … & Nordlund, L. M. (2019). Population genetic structure and connectivity of the seagrass Thalassia hemprichii in the Western Indian Ocean is influenced by predominant ocean currents. Ecology and Evolution, 9, 8953–8964.

Usage Notes

The readme file contains a detailed explanation of each file uploaded for phylogeographic analysis and SDM projections at both species and lineage levels, respectively.

Funding

National Natural Science Foundation of China, Award: 31971395, 41761144057

Thailand Research Fund, Award: RDG6130002

Foundation for Science and Technology, Award: UID/Multi/04326/2019

Foundation for Science and Technology, Award: PTDC/BIA-CBI/6515/2020