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Data from: The effects of diet and mating system on reproductive (and post-reproductive) lifespan in a freshwater snail

Citation

Auld, Josh R. (2018), Data from: The effects of diet and mating system on reproductive (and post-reproductive) lifespan in a freshwater snail, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.vk5176r

Abstract

The length of the reproductive lifespan, along with the number/frequency/magnitude of reproductive events, quantifies an individual’s potential contribution to the next generation. By examining reproductive lifespan, and distinguishing it from somatic lifespan, we gain insight into critical aspects of an individual’s potential fitness as well as reproductive and somatic senescence. Additionally, differentiating somatic and reproductive lifespans can provide insight into the existence of a post-reproductive period and factors that shape its duration. Given the known importance of diet and mating system on resource allocation, I reared individual freshwater snails (Physa acuta) from 22 full-sib families under a 2x2 factorial design that crossed mate availability (available [outcrossing] or not [selfing]) and diet (Spirulina or lettuce) and quantified aspects of the entire life history enabling me to distinguish reproductive and somatic lifespans, determine the total number of reproductive events, and evaluate how the reproductive rate changes with age. Overall, mated snails experienced shorter reproductive and somatic lifespans; a diet of Spirulina also shortened both reproductive and somatic lifespans. A post-reproductive period existed in all conditions; its duration was proportional to somatic but not reproductive lifespan. I evaluate several hypotheses for the existence and duration of the post-reproductive period, including a novel hypothesis that the post-reproductive period may result from an increase in reproductive interval with age. I conclude that the post-reproductive period may be indicative of a randomly timed death occurring as the interval between reproductive events continues to increase. As such, a “post-reproductive” period can be viewed as a by-product of a situation where reproductive senescence outpaces somatic senescence.

Usage Notes

Funding

National Science Foundation, Award: NSF DEB #1406231