Data from: Epidemiology of NMOSD in Sweden from 1987-2013: a nationwide population-based study
Jonsson, Dagur; Sveinsson, Olafur; Hakim, Ramil; Brundin, Lou (2019), Data from: Epidemiology of NMOSD in Sweden from 1987-2013: a nationwide population-based study, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.vk62410
Objective: The objective was to report the yearly incidence rate and prevalence of neuromyelitis spectrum disorder (NMOSD) in Sweden and to investigate clinical characteristics, treatment and outcome. Methods: We conducted a retrospective study of hospital case records of 294 individuals diagnosed with NMO (G36.0 ICD-10, 341.0 ICD-9) in the Swedish National Patient Register from 1987 to end of 2013 or detected by the presence of Aquaporin 4 IgG (AQP4) in serum during the study period. Ninety-two patients (51 NMO and 41 NMO spectrum-disorder) met the 2006 Wingerchuk criteria and were included in the study. Eleven Ten patients with an onset of NMO prior to 1987 and alive at the end of 2013 were included when estimating the prevalence. Results: The average yearly incidence rate per 1,000,000 individuals increased significantly from 0.30 (CI: 0.19-0.41) between 1987-2006 to 0.79 (CI:0.55-1.03) between 2007-2013. The prevalence was 10.4 (CI:8.5-12.6) per 1,000,000 individuals as end of 2013. The median time from onset to first relapse was 1.42 years (range:0.58-3.90). The probability of relapse was 60% and 75% after five and 10 years after onset. More than 80% were treated with immunosuppressive drugs. Three patients succumbed during the study period. Conclusion: The increased incidence rate during the study period was likely due to heightened awareness and increased access to MRI and AQP4-IgG analysis. Incidence and prevalence of NMO in Sweden correspond to other countries with a predominately Caucasian population. We found that most patients were treated with immunosuppressant drugs, presumably resulting in a low mortality among the detected cases.