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Data from: Brain states govern the spatio-temporal dynamics of resting-state functional connectivity

Citation

Aedo Jury, Felipe; Schwalm, Miriam; Hamzehpour, Lara; Stroh, Albrecht (2020), Data from: Brain states govern the spatio-temporal dynamics of resting-state functional connectivity, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.vmcvdncqk

Abstract

Previously, using simultaneous resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) and photometry-based neuronal calcium recordings in the anesthetized rat, we identified blood oxygenation level-dependent (BOLD) responses directly related to slow calcium waves, revealing a cortex-wide and spatially organized correlate of locally recorded neuronal activity (Schwalm et al., 2017). Here, using the same techniques, we investigate two distinct cortical activity states: persistent activity, in which compartmentalized network dynamics were observed; and slow wave activity, dominated by a cortex-wide BOLD component, suggesting a strong functional coupling of inter-cortical activity. During slow wave activity we find a correlation between the occurring slow wave events and the strength of functional connectivity between different cortical areas. These findings suggest that down-up transitions of neuronal excitability can drive cortex-wide functional connectivity. This study provides further evidence that changes in functional connectivity are dependent on the brain’s current state, directly linked to the generation of slow waves.

 

Methods

Experiments were performed on 25 adult female Lewis rats (> 12 weeks old, 160-200 g), of which 15 were used for fMRI measurements, 6 were implanted with an optic fiber in the visual cortex for combined optic fiber-based calcium recordings/fMRI measurements and 4 were used for optical recordings on the bench.

Funding

DFG, Award: SPP 1665: Resolving and manipulating neuronal networks in the mammalian brain

CRC1193, Award: Neurobiology of resilience

CRC1193, Award: Neurobiology of resilience