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Data from: Alarming features: birds use specific acoustic properties to identify heterospecific alarm calls

Citation

Fallow, Pamela M.; Pitcher, Benjamin J.; Magrath, Robert D. (2013), Data from: Alarming features: birds use specific acoustic properties to identify heterospecific alarm calls, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.vp5b7

Abstract

Vertebrates that eavesdrop on heterospecific alarm calls must distinguish alarms from sounds that can safely be ignored, but the mechanisms for identifying heterospecific alarm calls are poorly understood. While vertebrates learn to identify heterospecific alarms through experience, some can also respond to unfamiliar alarm calls that are acoustically similar to conspecific alarm calls. We used synthetic calls to test the role of specific acoustic properties in alarm call identification by superb fairy wrens, Malurus cyaneus. Individuals fled more often in response to synthetic calls with peak frequencies closer to that of conspecific calls, even if other acoustic features were dissimilar to that of fairy-wren calls. Further, they then spent more time in cover following calls that had both peak frequencies and frequency modulation rates closer to natural fairy-wren means. Thus, fairy wrens use similarity in specific acoustic properties to identify alarms and adjust a two-stage antipredator response. Our study reveals how birds respond to heterospecific alarm calls without experience, and together with previous work using playback of natural calls shows that both acoustic similarity and learning are important for interspecific eavesdropping. More generally, this work reconciles contrasting views on the importance of alarm signal structure and learning in recognition of heterospecific alarms.

Usage Notes

Location

Canberra
Australia