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ABS questionnaire 2016 and Questionnaire results 2018 (46)


Cordell, Barbara; Kanodia, Anup; Miller, Gregory (2021), ABS questionnaire 2016 and Questionnaire results 2018 (46), Dryad, Dataset,


Auto-Brewery Syndrome (ABS), also known as Gut Fermentation Syndrome, is a rare but underdiagnosed condition. While scores of case studies of ABS are published, only one previous study examined ABS patients’ demographics, health history, lifestyle factors, and diet compared to a control group of household members. We designed a case-control study to identify factors that individuals with a diagnosis of ABS and those who live with them might have that differ from the general population. We administered a survey to 46 patients known to have a diagnosis of ABS and their household members. Here, we compare our group of survey takers to a cohort of the American Gut Project (AGP) participants (N=11,297) for the 30 questions that were identical. With a response rate of 88% and using Rank Sum Tests, the data demonstrate that patients with ABS and their household members are more likely than participants of the AGP to own a pet (p=.03 for cat; p=.0001 for dog), get less sleep (p=.0001), and have lesser quality bowel movements (p=.03). In addition, the ABS group consumes more water (p=.02) and less alcohol (p=.0004), eats at home more often (p=.0056), and reports more aversion to sweets (p=.01). The most striking difference is a higher presence of non-food allergies in all five subcategories of the survey in the ABS group compared to the AGP group. Patients with ABS and their household members show several significant differences in their lifestyle and health, diet, and medical history compared to a large group of AGP participants. These differences lead to several hypotheses of co-morbidities and warrant further research.


Online Questionnaire via interactive pdf form.

Answers to 78-item questionnaire collected by Excel spreadsheet. Deidentified according to Safe Harbor.