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Data from: Mechanism for analogous illusory motion perception in flies and humans.

Citation

Agrochao, Margarida; Tanaka, Ryosuke; Salazar-Gatzimas, Emilio; Clark, Damon (2020), Data from: Mechanism for analogous illusory motion perception in flies and humans., Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.vt4b8gtpd

Abstract

Visual motion detection is one of the most important computations performed by visual circuits. Yet, we perceive vivid illusory motion in stationary, periodic luminance gradients that contain no true motion. This illusion is shared by diverse vertebrate species, but theories proposed to explain this illusion have remained difficult to test. Here, we demonstrate that in the fruit fly Drosophila, the illusory motion percept is generated by unbalanced contributions of direction-selective neurons’ responses to stationary edges. First, we found that flies, like humans, perceive sustained motion in the stationary gradients. The percept was abolished when the elementary motion detector neurons, T4 and T5, were silenced. In vivo calcium imaging revealed that T4 and T5 neurons encode the location and polarity of stationary edges. Furthermore, our proposed mechanistic model allowed us to predictably manipulate both the magnitude and direction of the fly’s illusory percept by selectively silencing either T4 or T5 neurons. Interestingly, human brains possess the same mechanistic ingredients that drive our model in flies. When we adapted human observers to moving light edges or dark edges, we could manipulate the magnitude and direction of their percepts as well, suggesting that mechanisms similar to the fly’s may also underlie this illusion in humans. By taking a comparative approach that exploits Drosophila neurogenetics, our results provide a causal, mechanistic account for a long-known visual illusion. These results argue that this illusion arises from architectures for motion detection that are shared across phyla.

Usage Notes

Data are provided as MATLAB version 7.3 MAT (.mat) files, created using MATLAB 9.7. The name of each data file matches the number of the figure in Agrochao, Tanaka, et al (2020) Mechanism for analogous illusory motion perception in flies and humans.

The figures in Agrochao, Tanaka, et al (2020) Mechanism for analogous illusory motion perception in flies and humans can be reproduced using the dataset provided here and the code in https://github.com/ClarkLabCode/IllusionPaperCode.