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Data from: Prey with hidden colour defences benefit from their similarity to aposematic signals

Citation

Kim, Yongsu et al. (2020), Data from: Prey with hidden colour defences benefit from their similarity to aposematic signals, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.w3r2280nr

Abstract

Some camouflaged animals hide colour signals and display them only transiently. These hidden colour signals are often conspicuous and are used as a secondary defence to warn or startle predators (deimatic displays) and/or to confuse them (flash displays). The hidden signals used in these displays frequently resemble typical aposematic signals, so it is possible that prey with hidden signals have evolved to employ colour patterns of a form that predators have previously learned to associate with unprofitability. Here, we tested this hypothesis by conducting two experiments that examined the effect of predator avoidance learning on the efficacy of deimatic and flash displays. We found that the survival benefits of both deimatic and flash displays were substantially higher against educated predators than naïve ones. These findings help explain the phenological patterns we found in 1,568 macro-lepidopteran species on three continents: species with hidden signals tend to occur later in the season than species without hidden signals.

Funding

National Research Foundation of Korea, Award: NRF-2019R1C1C1002466

National Research Foundation of Korea, Award: NRF-2018R1D1A1B07046637

Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada