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Data from: Spatial structure maintains diversity of pyocin inhibition in household Pseudomonas aeruginosa

Citation

Mojesky, Aubrey; Remold, Susanna (2020), Data from: Spatial structure maintains diversity of pyocin inhibition in household Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.w6m905qn0

Abstract

Nearly all bacteria produce narrow-spectrum antibiotics called bacteriocins. Studies have shown that bacteriocins can mediate microbial interactions, but the mechanisms underlying patterns of inhibition are less well understood. We assembled a spatially structured collection of isolates of Pseudomonas aeruginosa from bathroom and kitchen sink drains in nine households. Growth inhibition of these P. aeruginosa by bacteriocins, known as pyocins in this species, was measured using pairwise inhibition assays.  Carbon source usage of these isolates was measured and genetic distance was estimated using multilocus sequencing.  We found that as the distance between sites of isolation increased, there was a significantly higher probability of inhibition, and that pyocin inhibition and susceptibility vary greatly among isolates collected from different houses. We also detected support for other mechanisms influencing diversity: inhibition outcomes were influenced by the type of drain from which isolates were collected, and while we found no indication that carbon source utilization influences inhibition, inhibition was favored at an intermediate genetic distance. Overall, these results suggest that the combined effects of dispersal limitation among sites and competitive exclusion within them maintain diversity in pyocin inhibition and susceptibility phenotypes, and that additional processes such as local adaptation and effects of phylogenetic distance could further contribute to spatial variability.

Funding

National Science Foundation, Award: DEB-0950361