Right inferior frontal gyrus implements motor inhibitory control via beta-band oscillations in humans
Schaum, Michael (2021), Right inferior frontal gyrus implements motor inhibitory control via beta-band oscillations in humans, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.x3ffbg7gp
Motor inhibitory control implemented as response inhibition is an essential cognitive function required to dynamically adapt to rapidly changing environments. Despite over a decade of research on the neural mechanisms of response inhibition, it remains unclear, how exactly response inhibition is initiated and implemented. Using a multimodal MEG/fMRI approach in 59 subjects our results reliabily reveal that response inhibition is initiated by the right inferior frontal gyrus (rIFG) as a form of attention-independent top-down control via a relative increase in beta-band activity. Furthermore, stopping performance was predicted by beta-band power and beta-band connectivity was directed from rIFG to pre-supplementary motor area (pre-SMA), indicating rIFG’s dominance over pre-SMA. Thus, these results strongly support the hypothesis that rIFG initiates stopping, implemented by beta-band oscillations with potential to open up new ways of spatially localized oscillation-based interventions.
CTF-275 MEG device, FieldTrip toolbox for MATLAB
DFG, Award: CRC 1193, Neurobiology of resilience