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Investigation of lightning ignition characteristics based on an impulse current generator.

Citation

Feng, Junwei; Shen, Hao; Liang, Dong (2022), Investigation of lightning ignition characteristics based on an impulse current generator., Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.x69p8czdf

Abstract

Lightning strike is an important ignition source of forest fires. Artificial lightning discharge is a method for studying lightning fires. However, there is not enough data on the ignition of combustible materials caused by artificial lightning discharge. Previous studies on lightning ignition have focused on the heating and ignition effects of long continuing current (LCC), but the function of the impulse current that occurs before the LCC has not been taken into account. In this paper, an impulse current generator of 8/20 μs was used to simulate the ignition effect of impulse current on conifer needle beds. Different current waveforms have different ignition characteristics. We compared five kinds of conifer needle beds. The average of the current needed to ignite the needle bed of Larix gmelinii (Ruprecht) Kuzeneva was the smallest, and the average of the breakdown voltage was the smallest for the needle bed of Pinus massoniana Lamb. The total energy input to the conifer needle beds was fitted as a multiple log-linear regression model. The heating energy proportion value varies with different bulk densities, current amplitudes, and moisture contents. Based on this data, the heating energy of the impulse current transferred to the needles can be predicted. This information in conjunction with previous research on LCC was used to derive a lightning ignition prediction model of the full waveform for conifer needle beds.

Funding