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Data from: Riverine transport and nutrient inputs affect phytoplankton communities in a coastal embayment

Citation

Ackerman, Josef D.; Farrow, Christopher R.; Smith, Ralph E. H.; Snider, Dave (2019), Data from: Riverine transport and nutrient inputs affect phytoplankton communities in a coastal embayment, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.xsj3tx99d

Abstract

1. Rivers often transport phytoplankton to coastal embayments and introduce nutrients that can enrich coastal plankton communities. We investigated the effects of the Nottawasaga River on the nearshore (i.e., within 500 m of shore) phytoplankton composition along a 10 km transect of Nottawasaga Bay, Lake Huron in 2015 and 2016. Imaging flow cytometry was used to identify and enumerate algal taxa, which were resolved at sizes larger than small nanoplankton (i.e., > 5 mm). Multivariate analysis (perMANOVA and RDA) and a dilution model were used to examine how nutrients and the transport of algal taxa affected community composition in the bay.

2. Sampling stations with different percentages of river water had significantly different phytoplankton communities. Phytoplankton community composition was also strongly associated with nutrients, including total phosphorus, which also varied with the percentage of river water. The majority of the 51 phytoplankton taxa identified in 2016 had numerical abundances in the bay that could be explained simply by the dilution of incoming river water.

3. Phytoplankton transported from the river had a higher proportion of “edible-sized” cells (< 30 mm), particularly in summer when colonial cyanobacteria were numerically dominant in the bay. Six taxa were more abundant than expected from the dilution of river water and included some cyanobacteria with late summer maxima. Five of the taxa that were transported from the river were less abundant than expected in the bay.

4. Whereas impacts of fertilization due to the characteristically higher nutrient concentration in the river are to be expected, the strong and highly correlated effects of transport within the narrow coastal band of this study largely concealed any distinct fertilization effects.

5. Riverine inputs may strongly influence the near-shore assemblage of phytoplankton in oligotrophic embayments in large lakes, creating hotspots for productivity, species turnover and trophic dynamics.

Methods

Lake data collected by sampling from boats. Data analysis via various methids

Funding

Environment and Climate Change Canada, Award: LSGBCUF

NSERC, Award: Discovery