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Recreating giants impacts in the laboratory: Shock compression of MgSiO3 bridgmanite to 14 Mbar

Citation

Millot, Marius et al. (2020), Recreating giants impacts in the laboratory: Shock compression of MgSiO3 bridgmanite to 14 Mbar, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.z08kprr8r

Abstract

Understanding giant impacts requires accurate description of how extreme pressures and temperatures affect the physical properties of the constituent materials. Here, we report shock experiments on two polymorphs of  MgSiO3: enstatite and bridgmanite (perovskite) crystals.  We obtain pressure-density shock equation of state to 14 Mbar and more than 9 g/cm3 a 40 % increase in density from previous data on MgSiO3. Density-functional-theory molecular dynamics (DFT-MD) simulations provide predictions for the shock Hugoniot curves for bridgmanite and enstatite and suggest that the Gruneisen parameter decreases with increasing density. The good agreement between the simulations and the experimental data, including for the shock temperature along the enstatite Hugoniot reveals that DFT-MD  simulations reproduce well the behavior of dense fluid MgSiO3. We also reveal a high optical reflectance indicative of a metal-like electrical conductivity which supports the hypothesis that magma oceans may contribute to planetary magnetic field generation.

Methods

This dataset contains equation of state and optical properties data on the mineral MgSiO3 that is reported in an upcoming paper in Geophysical Review Letters titled: Recreating giants impacts in the laboratory: Shock compression of MgSiO3 bridgmanite to 14 Mbar.

All data are gathered in a single Excel spreadsheet with multiple tabs.

Data include Laser-driven shock equation of state experimental measurements and density-functional-theory computer simulations.

Usage Notes

Abbreviations:

Pressure P, Density rho, Energy u or E, Temperature T, shock velocity Us, particle velocity up, Gruneisen parameter Gamma, reflectivity R

 

Prepared by LLNL under Contract DE-AC52-07NA27344.