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Data from: Local prey shortages drive foraging costs and breeding success in a declining seabird, the Atlantic puffin

Citation

Fayet, Annette L et al. (2021), Data from: Local prey shortages drive foraging costs and breeding success in a declining seabird, the Atlantic puffin, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.z08kprrbx

Abstract

As more and more species face anthropogenic threats, understanding causes of population declines in vulnerable taxa is essential. However, long-term datasets, ideal to identify lasting or indirect effects on fitness measures such as those caused by environmental factors, are not always available. 

Here we use a single year but multi-population approach on populations with contrasting demographic trends to identify possible drivers and mechanisms of seabird population changes in the north-east Atlantic, using the Atlantic puffin, a declining species, as a model system. 

We combine miniature GPS trackers with camera traps and DNA metabarcoding techniques on four populations across the puffins’ main breeding range to provide the most comprehensive study of the species’ foraging ecology to date. 

We find that puffins use a dual foraging tactic combining short and long foraging trips in all four populations, but declining populations in southern Iceland and north-west Norway have much greater foraging ranges, which require more (costly) flight, as well as lower chick-provisioning frequencies, and a more diverse but likely less energy-dense diet, than stable populations in northern Iceland and Wales. 

Together, our findings suggest that the poor productivity of declining puffin populations in the north-east Atlantic is driven by breeding adults being forced to forage far from the colony, presumably because of low prey availability near colonies, possibly amplified by intraspecific competition. Our results provide valuable information for the conservation of this and other important North-Atlantic species and highlight the potential of multi-population approaches to answer important questions about the ecological drivers of population trends.

Usage Notes

There are six data files, each corresponding to a different type of data, and a ReadMe file which details the content of each file.

  • Bird_metadata.csv contains data on the colony, id, weight and sex of each tagged bird
  • GPS_tracking_data.csv contains the raw GPS tracking data. 
  • Camera_traps_feeding_visits.csv contains data on feeding visits recorded from the camera traps
  • Prey_size_from_video_data.csv contains prey size data measured from the camera trap footage
  • Video stills for prey size measurements.zip contains one still per video used to measure prey size
  • DNA_metabarcoding.csv contains the DNA metabarcoding data

The tracking data can also be visualised on the Birdlife Seabird Tracking Database.