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Factors influencing open government data post-adoption in the public sector: The perspective of data providers


Mustapa, Mimi Nurakmal; Hamid, Suraya; Md Nasaruddin, Fariza Hanum (2023), Factors influencing open government data post-adoption in the public sector: The perspective of data providers, Dryad, Dataset,


Providing access to non-confidential government data to the public is one of the initiatives adopted by many governments today to embrace government transparency practices. The initiative of publishing non-confidential government data for the public to use and re-use without restrictions is known as Open Government Data (OGD). Nevertheless, after several years after its inception, the direction of OGD implementation remains uncertain. The extant literature on OGD adoption concentrates primarily on identifying factors influencing adoption decisions. Yet, studies on the underlying factors influencing OGD after the adoption phase are scarce. Based on these issues, this study investigated the post-adoption of OGD in the public sector, particularly the data provider agencies. The OGD post-adoption framework is crafted by anchoring the Technology–Organization–Environment (TOE) framework and the innovation adoption process theory. The data was collected from 266 government agencies in the Malaysian public sector. This study employed the partial least square-structural equation modeling as the statistical technique for factor analysis. The results indicate that two factors from the organizational context (top management support, organizational culture) and two from the technological context (complexity, relative advantage) have a significant contribution to the post-adoption of OGD in the public sector. The contribution of this study is threefold: theoretical, conceptual, and practical. This study contributed theoretically by introducing the post-adoption framework of OGD that comprises the acceptance, routinization, and infusion stages. As the majority of OGD adoption studies conclude their analysis at the adoption (decisions) phase, this study gives novel insight to extend the analysis into unexplored territory, specifically the post-adoption phase. Conceptually, this study presents two new factors in the environmental context to be explored in the OGD adoption study, namely, the data demand and incentives. The fact that data providers are not influenced by data requests from the agency’s external environment and incentive offerings is something that needs further investigation. In practicality, the findings of this study are anticipated to assist policymakers in strategizing for long-term OGD implementation from the data provider’s perspective. This effort is crucial to ensure that the OGD initiatives will be incorporated into the public sector’s service thrust and become one of the digital government services provided to the citizen.


The data was collected using a survey questionnaire as presented in the manuscript. The survey questionnaire was developed on an online survey platform. The data was processed in Microsoft Excel before converting to Comma Separated Values (CSV). 

Usage notes

This data is suitable to load into any Partial Least Square-Structure Equation Modeling (PLS-SEM) analysis software. The author used SmartPLS software for Partial Least Square-Structure Equation Modeling (PLS-SEM) analysis. The software can be obtained from


  • This file contains data to run in any PLS-SEM software.


  • This file contains metadata that describes every variable in the Mustapa2019_PostAdoption-of-OGD-in-Malaysian-public-sector_PLS-SEM.csv file.