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Simultaneous selection on vegetative and reproductive phenology in a perennial herb

Citation

Fogelström, Elsa; Zacchello, Giulia; Ehrlén, Johan (2023), Simultaneous selection on vegetative and reproductive phenology in a perennial herb, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.zpc866t9j

Abstract

The timing of different life history events are often correlated, and selection might only rarely be exerted independently on the timing of a single event. In plants, phenotypic selection has often been shown to favour earlier flowering. However, little is known about to what extent this selection acts directly vs. indirectly via vegetative phenology, and if selection on the two traits is correlational. We estimated direct, indirect and correlational phenotypic selection on vegetative and reproductive phenology over three years for flowering individuals of the perennial herb Lathyrus vernus. Direct selection favoured earlier flowering and shorter timespans between leaf-out and flowering in all years. However, early flowering was associated with early leaf-out, and the direction of selection on leaf-out day varied among years. As a result, selection on leaf-out weakened selection for early flowering in one of the study years. We found no evidence of correlational selection. Our results highlight the importance of including temporally correlated traits when exploring selection on the phenology of seasonal events.

Methods

The dataset contains data describing the size, flowering phenology, leaf-out phenology and fitness (number of intact seeds) of Lathyrus vernus individuals from a natural population. The variables in the dataset have been calculated or estimated from data collected in the field.