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Data from: Looking for compensation at multiple scales in a wetland bird community

Citation

Barraquand, Frédéric et al. (2022), Data from: Looking for compensation at multiple scales in a wetland bird community, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.zpc866t9v

Abstract

Compensatory dynamics, during which community composition shifts despite a near-constant total community size, are usually rare: synchronous dynamics prevail in natural communities. This is a puzzle for ecologists, because of the key role of compensation in explaining the relation between biodiversity and ecosystem functioning. However, most studies so far have considered compensation in either plants or planktonic organisms, so that evidence for the generality of such synchrony is limited. Here, we extend analyses of community-level synchrony to wetland birds. We analyse a 35-year monthly survey of a community where we suspected that compensation might occur due to potential competition and changes in water levels, favouring birds with different habitat preferences. We perform both year-to-year analyses by season, using a compensation/synchrony index, as well as multiscale analyses using a wavelet-based measure, which allows for both scale- and time-dependence. We analyse synchrony both within and between guilds, with guilds defined either as tightknit phylogenetic groups or larger functional groups. We find that abundance and biomass compensation are rare, likely due to the synchronizing influence of climate (and other drivers) on birds, even after considering several temporal scales of covariation (during either cold or warm seasons, above or below the annual scale). Negative covariation in abundance at the guild or community level did only appear at the scale of a few months or several years. We also found that synchrony varies with taxonomic and functional scale: the rare cases where compensation appeared consistently in year-to-year analyses were between rather than within functional groups. Our results suggest that abundance compensation may have more potential to emerge between broad functional groups rather than between species, as well as at relatively long temporal scales (multiple years for vertebrates), above that of the dominant synchronizing driver.

Methods

Counts of birds were performed at the Teich Ornithological Reserve, Arcachon Bay, France (44.64°N / -1.02°E), by the staff of the Teich reserve, over the whole study period (1973-2016). The reserve comprises 120 ha of wetlands, and the counts have been aggregated at the reserve scale (summed over 18 sectors where the counts were performed) and the monthly scale using maximum observed abundance.

 

Usage Notes

See description of data production and detailed methods at https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.6368332 (last deposited Zenodo version at https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.6367146 and up to date version at https://github.com/fbarraquand/BirdTimeSeries_Teich).

Funding

Agence Nationale de la Recherche, Award: ANR-10-LABX-45

Landes de Gascogne Regional Nature Park

Teich Municipality