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Biomass material - undulating venus shell - supported nanoscale zero-valent iron for the adsorption of Pb2+ and Cd2+ ions in aqueous solution

Citation

Luo, Shengxu; Wang, Zheng (2020), Biomass material - undulating venus shell - supported nanoscale zero-valent iron for the adsorption of Pb2+ and Cd2+ ions in aqueous solution, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.zs7h44j68

Abstract

Nanoscale zero-valent iron (NZVI) has a high adsorption capacity for heavy metals, but easily forms aggregates. Herein, preprocessed undulating venus shell (UVS) is used as support material to prevent NZVI from reuniting. The SEM and TEM results show that UVS had a porous layered structure and NZVI particles were evenly distributed on the UVS surface. A large number of adsorption sites on the surface of UVS-NZVI are confirmed by IR and XRD. UVS-NZVI is utilized for adsorption of Pb2+ and Cd2+ at pH=6 in aqueous solution, and the experimental maximum adsorption capacities are 29.91 mg·g-1 and 38.99 mg·g-1, respectively. Adsorption isotherm results indicate that the adsorption of ions by UVS-NZVI is more in line with the Langmuir model when Pb2+ or Cd2+ existed alone. For the mixed solution of Pb2+ and Cd2+, only the adsorption of Pb2+ by UVS-NZVI conforms to the Langmuir model. Kinetic studies demonstrate that the determination coefficients (R2) of the pseudo first-order kinetic model for UVS-NZVI adsorption of Cd2+ and Pb2+ are higher than those of the pseudo second-order kinetic model and Elovich kinetic model. Highly efficient performance for metal removal makes UVS-NZVI show potential application to heavy metal ion adsorption.