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Decay by ectomycorrhizal fungi couples soil organic matter to nitrogen availability

Citation

Argiroff, William A. et al. (2022), Decay by ectomycorrhizal fungi couples soil organic matter to nitrogen availability, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.zs7h44jb4

Abstract

Interactions between soil nitrogen (N) availability, fungal community composition, and soil organic matter (SOM) regulate soil carbon (C) dynamics in many forest ecosystems, but context dependency in these relationships has precluded general predictive theory. We found that ectomycorrhizal (ECM) fungi with peroxidases decreased with increasing inorganic N availability across a natural inorganic N gradient in northern temperate forests, whereas ligninolytic fungal saprotrophs exhibited no response. Lignin-derived SOM and soil C were negatively correlated with ECM fungi with peroxidases and were positively correlated with inorganic N availability, suggesting decay of lignin-derived SOM by these ECM fungi reduced soil C storage. The correlations we observed link SOM decay in temperate forests to tradeoffs in tree N nutrition and ECM composition, and we propose SOM varies along a single continuum across temperate and boreal ecosystems depending upon how tree allocation to functionally distinct ECM taxa and environmental stress covary with soil N availability.

Funding

National Science Foundation

Horace H. Rackham School of Graduate Studies, University of Michigan