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Microsatellite genotyping data for habitat-linked genetic structure for white-crowned sparrow (Zonotrichia leucophrys): local factors shape population genetic structure

Citation

Graham, Brendan (2022), Microsatellite genotyping data for habitat-linked genetic structure for white-crowned sparrow (Zonotrichia leucophrys): local factors shape population genetic structure, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.zw3r22882

Abstract

Ecological, environmental, and geographic factors all influence genetic structure. Species with broad distributions are ideal systems because they cover a range of ecological and environmental conditions allowing us to test which components predict genetic structure. This study presents a novel, broad geographic approach using molecular markers, morphology, and habitat modelling to investigate rangewide and local barriers causing contemporary genetic differentiation within the geographical range of three white-crowned sparrow (Zonotrichia leucophrys) subspecies: Z. l. gambelii, Z. l. oriantha, and Z. l. pugetensis.  Three types of genetic markers showed geographic distance between sampling sites, elevation, and ecosystem type are key factors contributing to population genetic structure. Microsatellite markers revealed white-crowned sparrows do not group by subspecies, but instead indicated four groupings at a rangewide scale and two groupings based on coniferous and deciduous ecosystems at a local scale. Our analyses of morphological variation also revealed habitat differences; sparrows from deciduous ecosystems are larger than individuals from coniferous ecosystems based on principal component analyses. Habitat modeling showed isolation by distance was prevalent in describing genetic structure, but isolation by resistance also had a small but significant influence. Not only do these findings have implications concerning the accuracy of subspecies delineations, they also highlight the critical role of local factors such as habitat in shaping contemporary population genetic structure of species with high dispersal ability.

Methods

We genotyped 328 individuals at nine polymorphic microsatellite loci (Bensch et al., 1997; Dawson et al., 1997; Hanotte et al., 1994; Petren, 1998; Poesel et al., 2009; Stenzler et al., 2004).  Genomic DNA was amplified in 10 µL reaction volumes containing colourless GoTaq® Flexi buffer (Promega), 0.2 mM dNTP, and 0.8 mM or 1 mM MgCl2, 0.5 µM forward and reverse primer, 0.05 µM fluorescent M13 tag, 0.5 U GoTaq® Flexi DNA polymerase (Promega).

Usage Notes

Missing values are scored as zero in this dataset