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Timing of blood sample processing affects the transcriptomic and epigenomic profiles in CD4+ T-cells of atopic subjects

Citation

Alhamdan, Fahd; Garn, Holger (2022), Timing of blood sample processing affects the transcriptomic and epigenomic profiles in CD4+ T-cells of atopic subjects, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.5061/dryad.zw3r22890

Abstract

Optimal pre-analytical conditions for blood sample processing and isolation of selected cell populations for subsequent transcriptomic and epigenomic studies are required to obtain robust and reproducible results. This pilot study was conducted to investigate the potential effects of timing of CD4+ T-cell processing from peripheral blood of atopic and non-atopic adults on their transcriptomic and epigenetic profiles. Two heparinized blood samples were drawn from each of three atopic and three healthy individuals. For each individual, CD4+ T-cells were isolated from the first blood sample within 2 hours (immediate) or from the second blood sample after 24 hours storage (delayed). RNA sequencing (RNA-Seq) and histone H3K27 acetylation chromatin immunoprecipitation sequencing (ChIP-Seq) analyses were performed. A multiplicity of genes was shown to be differentially expressed in immediately processed CD4+ T-cells from atopic versus healthy subjects. These differences disappeared when comparing delayed processed cells due to a drastic change in expression levels of atopy-related genes in delayed processed CD4+ T-cells from atopic donors. This finding was further validated on the epigenomic level by examining H3K27 acetylation profiles. In contrast, transcriptomic and epigenomic profiles of blood CD4+ T-cells of healthy donors remained rather unaffected. Taken together, for successful transcriptomics and epigenomics studies, detailed standard operating procedures developed on the basis of samples from both healthy and disease conditions are implicitly recommended.

Funding

Deutsches Zentrum für Lungenforschung