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Sex differences in fearful personality traits are explained by facultative calibration to physical strength


Manson, Joseph (2022), Sex differences in fearful personality traits are explained by facultative calibration to physical strength, Dryad, Dataset,


These five datasets include measures of physical strength (grip strength and in some samples chest strength) and self-report HEXACO Emotionality, including its four facets (Fearfulness, Anxiety, Sentimentality, and Emotional Dependance).  All five samples are comprised of undergraduate students. Samples 1 and 2 are from UC Santa Barbara.  Sample 3 is from Oklahoma State University. Sample 4 is from the University of Texas, Austin. Sample 5 is from Arizona State University.

Usage Notes

p_id: participant ID
female: 1 = female, 0 = male
ethnicity, Sample 1: 1=White/Euro-American, 2=Hispanic/Latino, 3=Black/African-American, 5=Asian-American, 7=Pacific Islander, 8=Biracial, "Other," or Decline to State
ethnicity, Sample 3: 1=American Indian, 2=Asian-American, 4=Black/African-American, 5=White, 6=Hispanic/Latino, 7=Biracial, 8="Other"
ethnicity, Sample 5: 1=White/Euro-American, 2=Hispanic/Latino, 3=Black/African-American, 4=Middle Eastern, 5-7=Asian-American, 8="Other"
grip: grip strength, kg/F
chest: chest strength, kg/F

Samples 1-2, HEXACO IPIP items (7-point scale):

Anxiety, Positively Keyed:
e_anx_1: Often worry about things that turn out to be unimportant
e_anx_2: Worry about things
e_anx_3: Get stressed out easily
e_anx_4: Get upset by unpleasant thoughts that come into my mind
e_anx_5: Panic easily

Anxiety, Negatively Keyed:
e_anx_6: Rarely worry
e_anx_7: Rarely feel depressed
e_anx_8: Am not easily disturbed by events
e_anx_9: Remain calm under pressure
e_anx_10: Don't worry about things that have already happened

Emotional Dependence, Positively Keyed:

e_dep_1: Need reassurance
e_dep_2: Let myself be influenced by others
e_dep_3: Need the approval of others
e_dep_4: Need protection
e_dep_5: Often need help
e_dep_6: Show my sadness
e_dep_7: Suspect that my facial expressions give me away when I feel sad
e_dep_8: Seek support
e_dep_9: Can't do without the company of others
e_dep_10: Want to be liked

Fearfulness, Positively Keyed:

e_fear_1: Am a physical coward
e_fear_2: Begin to panic when there is danger
e_fear_3: Would fear walking in a high-crime part of a city
e_fear_4: Tremble in dangerous situations
e_fear_5: Would never go riding down a stretch of rapids in a canoe

Fearfulness, Negatively Keyed:

e_fear_6: Like to do frightening things
e_fear_7: Face danger confidently
e_fear_8: Love dangerous situations
e_fear_9: Would be good at rescuing people from a burning building
e_fear_10: Am willing to take risks

Sentimentality, Positively Keyed:

e_sen_1: Feel others' emotions
e_sen_2: Immediately feel sad when hearing of an unhappy event
e_sen_3: Cry during movies
e_sen_4: Am sensitive to the needs of others
e_sen_5: Am deeply moved by others' misfortunes

Sentimentality, Negatively Keyed:

e_sen_6: Rarely cry during sad movies
e_sen_7: Seldom feel weepy while reading the sad part of a story
e_sen_8: Am seldom bothered by the apparent suffering of strangers
e_sen_9: Don't understand people who get emotional
e_sen_10: Seldom get emotional

Samples 3-5, HEXACO-100 items (5-point scale):

hex_5: I would feel afraid if I had to travel in bad weather conditions.
hex_11: I sometimes can't help worrying about little things.
hex_17: When I suffer from a painful experience, I need someone to make me feel comfortable.
hex_23: I feel like crying when I see other people crying.
hex_29: I don’t mind doing jobs that involve dangerous work.
hex_35: I worry a lot less than most people do.
hex_41: I can handle difficult situations without needing emotional support from anyone else.
hex_47: When someone I know well is unhappy, I can almost feel that person's pain myself.
hex_53: When it comes to physical danger, I am very fearful.
hex_59: I rarely, if ever, have trouble sleeping due to stress or anxiety.
hex_65: Whenever I feel worried about something, I want to share my concern with another person.
hex_71: I feel strong emotions when someone close to me is going away for a long time.
hex_77: Even in an emergency I wouldn't feel like panicking.
hex_83: I get very anxious when waiting to hear about an important decision.
hex_89: I rarely discuss my problems with other people.
hex_95: I remain unemotional even in situations where most people get very sentimental.

Scoring key for  HEXACO-100 items:

Fearfulness 5, 29R, 53, 77R Anxiety 11, 35R, 59R, 83 Dependence 17, 41R, 65, 89R Sentimentality 23, 47, 71, 95R