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The effects of the upper atmosphere and corona on the solar wind interaction with Venus


Ma, Yingjuan (2023), The effects of the upper atmosphere and corona on the solar wind interaction with Venus, Dryad, Dataset,


Since Venus has no substantial planetary magnetic field, the fast-flowing solar wind plasma interacts directly with its ionosphere, upper atmosphere, and corona. The thermal atmosphere and hot oxygen corona of Venus are expected to play essential roles in the interaction process. To quantify their effects, we combine three major state-of-the-art three-dimensional numerical models, including (1) The Venus Thermosphere General Circulation model (VTGCM), (2) The Adaptive Mesh Particle Simulator (AMPS), and (3) A multi-species MHD model of Venus based on Block Adaptive Tree Solar-wind Roe Upwind Scheme (BATSRUS). The global multi-species MHD model is used to simulate the planet’s interaction with the ambient solar wind, where the background neutral densities are provided by VTGCM and AMPS. Using the above-mentioned numerical models, the effect of the upper atmosphere and corona on solar-wind-driven ion escape rates are examined for three typical solar cycle conditions, including solar maximum, solar median, and solar minimum conditions. The model results suggest that even though the hot oxygen corona only has a minor effect on the ion density profiles in the ionosphere, it can enhance ion loss rate up to ~25% for high solar activity. 


Numerical simulation results using a multi-species single-fluid MHD model.

Usage notes

The data is provided in ASCII files and should work with any plotting software. In addition, binary data is provided for some cases which can be opened with TECPLOT. 


National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Award: 80NSSC17K0728