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Spatially compartmentalized phase regulation of a Ca2+-cAMP-PKA oscillatory circuit

Citation

Tenner, Brian (2020), Spatially compartmentalized phase regulation of a Ca2+-cAMP-PKA oscillatory circuit, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.6075/J0NP22TK

Abstract

Signaling networks are spatiotemporally organized in order to sense diverse inputs, process information, and carry out specific cellular tasks. In pancreatic β cells, Ca2+, cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP), and Protein Kinase A (PKA) exist in an oscillatory circuit characterized by a high degree of feedback. Here, we describe a mode of regulation within this circuit involving a spatial dependence of the relative phase between cAMP, PKA, and Ca2+. We show that nanodomain clustering of Ca2+-sensitive adenylyl cyclases drives oscillations of local cAMP levels to be precisely in-phase with Ca2+ oscillations, whereas Ca2+-sensitive phosphodiesterases maintain out-of-phase oscillations outside of the nanodomain. Disruption of this precise phase relationship perturbs Ca2+ oscillations, suggesting the relative phase within an oscillatory circuit can encode specific functional information. This work unveils a novel mechanism of cAMP compartmentation utilized for localized tuning of an oscillatory circuit and has broad implications for the spatiotemporal regulation of signaling networks.

Methods

MIN6 pancreatic beta cells expressing FRET-based biosensors were imaging using an epifluorescent microscope. FRET ratio was calculated using sensitized emission channel / donor excited channel (PKA sensor) or vice versa for cAMP (inverse FRET sensor). Single-cell time traces were collected and analyzed with MATLAB to study compartmentalized oscillatory dynamics.

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