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Data from: Jump takeoff in a small jumping spider

Citation

Brandt, Erin; Sasiharan, Yoshan; Elias, Damian; Mhatre, Natasha (2021), Data from: Jump takeoff in a small jumping spider, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.6078/D18D99

Abstract

Jumping in animals presents an interesting locomotory strategy as it requires the generation of large forces and accurate timing. Jumping in arachnids is further complicated by their semi-hydraulic locomotion system. Among arachnids, jumping spiders (Family Salticidae) are agile and dexterous jumpers. However, less is known about jumping in small salticid species. Here we used Habronattus conjunctus, a small jumping spider (body length ~4.5 mm) to examine its jumping performance and compare it to that of other jumping spiders and insects. We also explored how legs are used during the takeoff phase of jumps. Jumps were staged between two raised platforms. We analyzed jumping videos with DeepLabCut to track 21 points on the cephalothorax, abdomen, and legs. By analyzing leg liftoff and extension patterns, we found evidence that H. conjunctus primarily uses the third legs to power jumps. We also found that H. conjunctus jumps achieve lower takeoff speeds and accelerations than most other jumping arthropods, including other jumping spiders. H. conjunctus takeoff time was similar to other jumping arthropods of the same body mass. We discuss the mechanical benefits and drawbacks of a semi-hydraulic system of locomotion and consider how small spiders may extract dexterous jumps from this system.

Methods

These data were collected by tracking the trajectories of spiders (Habroanttus conjunctus) jumping. We used DeepLabCut to track the trajectories. We used Matlab to extract the relevant angles and kinematic variables that are included here.

Usage Notes

These files contain the data necessary to generate the figures in the paper. We did not include the dataset for other species used in the meta-analysis. This can be obtained from the supplementary data of Nabawy et al 2018.

Funding

Canadian Network for Research and Innovation in Machining Technology, Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada

National Science Foundation