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Data from: Genetic and genomic architecture of species-specific cuticular hydrocarbon variation in parasitoid wasps

Citation

Buellesbach, Jan (2022), Data from: Genetic and genomic architecture of species-specific cuticular hydrocarbon variation in parasitoid wasps, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.6078/D1XD8T

Abstract

Cuticular hydrocarbons (CHCs) serve two fundamental functions in insects: protection against desiccation and chemical signaling. How the interaction of genes shapes CHC profiles, which are essential for insect survival, adaptation, and reproductive success, is still poorly understood. Here we investigate the genetic and genomic basis of CHC biosynthesis and variation in parasitoid wasps of the genus Nasonia. We mapped 91 quantitative trait loci (QTL) explaining variation of a total of 43 CHCs in F2 hybrid males from interspecific crosses between three Nasonia species. To identify candidate genes, we localized orthologs of CHC biosynthesis-related genes in the Nasonia genomes. We discovered multiple genomic regions where the location of QTL coincides with the location of CHC biosynthesis-related candidate genes. Most conspicuously, on a region on chromosome 1 close to the centromere, multiple CHC biosynthesis-related candidate genes co-localize with several QTL explaining variation in methyl-branched alkanes. The genetic underpinnings behind this compound class are not well understood so far, despite their high potential for encoding chemical information as well as their prevalence in hymenopteran CHC profiles. Our study considerably extends our knowledge on the genetic architecture governing this fundamental compound class, establishing a model for methyl-branched alkane genetics in the Hymenoptera in general.

Funding

Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft, Award: 427879779