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Assessment of genetic diversity and population structure of Eulaema nigrita (Hymenoptera: Apidae: Euglossini) as a factor of habitat type in Brazilian Atlantic forest fragments

Citation

Costa, Claudineia; Machado, Clycie; Francoy, Tiago (2021), Assessment of genetic diversity and population structure of Eulaema nigrita (Hymenoptera: Apidae: Euglossini) as a factor of habitat type in Brazilian Atlantic forest fragments, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.6086/D11M3Q

Abstract

In many organisms, habitat affects ecological and genetic diversity and, for certain species, it is expected that a large population should have higher genetic diversity than a smaller population. We analysed the genetics of males of the orchid bee, Eulaema nigrita (Hymenoptera: Apidae), and examined the links between local abundance and habitat with genetic diversity. We also investigated the impact of landscape features on genetic population structure, through microsatellite and mitochondrial DNA analysis, among populations found across 700 km of Brazilian Atlantic forest fragments. We found that genetic variation was not a function of local abundance, but it correlated significantly with habitat. There was significant but low genetic differentiation among populations. We found a single mitochondrial DNA haplotype in all sequenced specimens, which may be widespread throughout the Atlantic forest. Our results reinforce the idea that orchid bees can fly long distances. High-dispersal capacity, together with insufficient time in eventual isolation, can directly contribute to the high degree of similarity among populations for this species, despite their wide geographical distribution.

Methods

Raw data for Microsatellites. Markers were scored automatically, with results manually corrected in cases of errors in the automatic scoring. Peaks were called and binned with the microsatellite plugin of Geneious version 7.1.3 (Kearse et al., 2012).

Funding

Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo, Award: 2011/07857-9

Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo, Award: 2013/02158-0