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Data For: Soil NH3 emissions across a rainfall gradient in southern California

Citation

Krichels, Alexander (2022), Data For: Soil NH3 emissions across a rainfall gradient in southern California, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.6086/D13D51

Abstract

Soil ammonia (NH3) emissions are often overlooked pathways for ecosystem N loss; however, they may help sustain ecosystem nitrogen (N) limitation, especially in arid regions where hydrologic N losses are relatively small. To characterize controls over NH3 emissions, we measured NH3 losses from six dryland sites along a gradient in soil pH, atmospheric N deposition, and rainfall. We also added ammonium (NH4+) to determine whether emissions were limited by N. Soil NH3 emissions were positively correlated with pH (R2 = 0.90, p = 0.002), reaching 24.2 ± 16.0 µg N-NH3 m-2 hr-1 at the most alkaline site. Wetting soils with NH4+ solutions increased NH3 emissions from alkaline and moderately acidic soils (F1,35 = 14.7, p < 0.001), suggesting that N can stimulate NH3 volatilization regardless of pH. These results suggest that both pH and N act as proximate controls over NH3 losses and that these losses can reduce soil N accumulation.

Methods

Please see methods in the manuscfipt

Usage Notes

These data represent soil ammoina emissiosn from six dryland sites in Southern California. Empyty cells indicate that data are missing for a given observation.

Funding

NSF DEB, Award: 1916622

NSF DEB, Award: 1656062