Skip to main content
Dryad logo

Subspecies differentiation in an enigmatic chaparral shrub species

Citation

Huang, Yi; Morrison, Glen; Litt, Amy (2020), Subspecies differentiation in an enigmatic chaparral shrub species, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.6086/D1NQ3B

Abstract

Delimiting biodiversity units is difficult in organisms in which differentiation is obscured by hybridization, plasticity, and other factors that blur phenotypic boundaries. Such work is more complicated when the focal units are subspecies, the definition of which has not been broadly explored in the era of modern genetic methods. Eastwood manzanita (Arctostaphylos glandulosa Eastw.) is a widely distributed and morphologically complex chaparral shrub species with much subspecific variation that has proven challenging to categorize. Currently ten subspecies are recognized, however, many of them are not geographically segregated, and morphological intermediates are common. Subspecies delimitation is of particular importance in this species, as two of the subspecies are rare. The goal of this study was to apply an evolutionary definition of subspecies to characterize structure within Eastwood manzanita. We used publicly-available geospatial environmental data and reduced-representation genome sequencing to characterize environmental and genetic differentiation among subspecies. In addition, we tested whether subspecies could be differentiated by environmentally-associated genetic variation. Our analyses do not show genetic differentiation among subspecies of Eastwood manzanita, with the exception of one of the two rare subspecies. In addition, our environmental analyses did not show ecological differentiation, though limitations of the analysis prevent strong conclusions. Genetic structure within Eastwood manzanita does not correspond to current subspecies circumscriptions but rather reflects geographic distribution. Our study suggests that subspecies concepts need to be reconsidered in long-lived plant species, especially in the age of next generation sequencing.

Funding

University of California, Riverside

California Native Plant Society