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DNA scaffolds enable efficient and tunable functionalization of biomaterials for immune cell modulation

Citation

Huang, Xiao et al. (2020), DNA scaffolds enable efficient and tunable functionalization of biomaterials for immune cell modulation, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.7272/Q6CC0XXJ

Abstract

Biomaterials can improve the safety and presentation of therapeutic agents for effective immunotherapy, and a high level of control over surface functionalization is essential for immune cell modulation. Here, we developed biocompatible immune cell engaging particles (ICEp) that use synthetic short DNA as scaffolds for efficient and tunable protein loading. To improve the safety of chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T cell therapies, micron-sized ICEp were injected intratumorally to present a priming signal for systemically administered AND-gate CAR-T cells. Locally retained ICEp presenting a high density of priming antigens activated CAR-T cells, driving local tumor clearance while sparing uninjected tumors in immunodeficient mice. The ratiometric control of costimulatory ligands (anti-CD3 and anti-CD28 antibodies) and the surface presentation of a cytokine (IL-2) on ICEp were shown to significantly impact human primary T cell activation phenotypes. This modular and versatile biomaterial functionalization platform can provide new opportunities for immunotherapies.

Funding

National Institutes of Health, Award: 1U54CA244438