Enhanced stromal H2S production via CBS upregulation promotes estrogen-stimulated human endometrial angiogenesis
Qi, Qian-Rong et al. (2020), Enhanced stromal H2S production via CBS upregulation promotes estrogen-stimulated human endometrial angiogenesis, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.7280/D15399
Angiogenesis is a physiological process for endometrial regeneration in the menstrual cycle and remodeling during pregnancy. Endogenous hydrogen sulfide (H2S), produced by cystathionine-β synthase (CBS) and cystathionine-γ lyase (CSE), is a potent proangiogenic factor; yet, whether the H2S system is expressed in the endometrium and whether H2S plays a role in endometrial angiogenesis are unknown. This study was to test whether estrogens stimulate endometrial H2S biosynthesis to promote endometrial microvascular endothelial cell (EMEC) angiogenesis. CBS mRNA/protein and H2S production significantly differed among endometria from postmenopausal (POM), premenopausal secretory (sPRM) and proliferative (pPRM) nonpregnant (NP) and pregnant (Preg) women (p<0.05) in a rank order of POM ≈ sPRM < pPRM <<< Preg, positively correlating with angiogenesis indices and endogenous estrogens and with no difference in CSE expression. CBS and CSE proteins were localized to stroma, glands, and vessels in endometrium, and greater stromal CBS protein was observed in the pPRM and Preg states. Estradiol (but not progesterone) stimulated CBS (but not CSE) expression and H2S production in endometrial stromal cells (ESCs) in vitro, which were attenuated by ICI 182,780. The H2S donor sodium hydrosulfide promoted in vitro endometrial microvascular endothelial cell (EMEC) angiogenesis. Co-culture with sPRM, pPRM, and Preg ESCs all stimulated EMEC migration with a rank order of sPRM < pPRM ≈ Preg. CBS (but not CSE) inhibition attenuated ESC-stimulated EMEC migration. Estradiol did not affect EMEC migration but potentiated ESC-stimulated EMEC migration. Altogether, estradiol-stimulated specific receptor-dependent stromal CBS-H2S production to promote endometrial EMEC angiogenesis in women.
Supplemental table S1-S3, and supplemental figure S1
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, Award: HL70562
Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, Award: HD097498
American Heart Association, Award: 20POST35090000
American Heart Association, Award: 19POST34380384