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Indirect measurements of the composition of ultrafine particles in the Arctic late-winter

Citation

Myers, Deanna; Smith, James (2021), Indirect measurements of the composition of ultrafine particles in the Arctic late-winter, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.7280/D15X1J

Abstract

We present indirect measurements of size-resolved ultrafine particle composition conducted during the Ocean–Atmosphere–Sea Ice–Snowpack (OASIS) Campaign in Utqiagvik, Alaska, during March 2009. This study focuses on measurements of size-resolved particle hygroscopicity and volatility measured over two periods of the campaign. During a period that represents background conditions in this location, particle hygroscopic growth factors (HGF) at 90% relative humidity ranged from 1.45-1.51, which combined with volatility measurements suggest a mixture of ~30% ammoniated sulfates and ~70% oxidized organics. Two separate regional ultrafine particle growth events were also observed during this campaign. Event 1 coincided with elevated levels of H2SO4 and solar radiation. These particles were highly hygroscopic (HGF=2.1 for 35 nm particles), but were almost fully volatilized at 160 °C. The air masses associated with both events originated over the Arctic Ocean. Event 1 was influenced by the upper marine boundary layer (200-350 m AGL), while Event 2 spent more time closer to the surface (50-150m AGL) and over open leads, suggesting marine influence in growth processes. Event 2 particles were slightly less hygroscopic (HGF=1.94 for 35nm and 1.67 for 15nm particles), and similarly volatile. We hypothesize that particles formed during both events contained 60-70% hygroscopic salts by volume, with the balance for Event 1 being sulfates and oxidized organics for Event 2. These observations suggest that primary sea spray may be an important initiator of ultrafine particle formation events in the Arctic late-winter, but a variety of processes may be responsible for condensational growth.

Methods

Data was collected from 5 March - 19 April during Ocean - Atmosphere - Sea Ice - Snowpack (OASIS) Campaign in Utqiagvik, Alaska at the U.S. Naval Arctic Research Laboratory (NARL) and near the Barrow Arctic Research Center (BARC). Times are listed in Alaska Daylight Time (UTC - 8 hours).

Usage Notes

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Funding

National Science Foundation