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Dataset for: Vibrometry as a noncontact alternative to dynamic and viscoelastic mechanical testing in cartilage

Citation

Espinosa, Gabriela; Otarola, Gaston; Hu, Jerry; Athanasiou, Kyriacos (2022), Dataset for: Vibrometry as a noncontact alternative to dynamic and viscoelastic mechanical testing in cartilage, Dryad, Dataset, https://doi.org/10.7280/D1WX12

Abstract

Physiological loading of knee cartilage is highly dynamic and may contribute to the progression of osteoarthritis. Thus, an understanding of cartilage’s dynamic mechanical properties is crucial in cartilage research. In this study, vibrometry was used as a fast (2 hours), noncontact, and novel alternative to the slower (30 hours), traditional mechanical and biochemical assays for characterization of cartilage from the condyle, patella, trochlear groove, and meniscus. Finite-element models predicted tissue resonant frequencies and bending modes, which strongly correlated with experiments (R2=0.93). Vibrometry-based viscoelastic properties significantly correlated with moduli from stress relaxation and creep tests, with correlation strengths reaching up to 0.78. Loss modulus also strongly correlated with GAG content. Dynamic properties measured by vibrometry significantly differed among various knee cartilages, ranging between 6.1-56.4MPa. Interestingly, meniscus viscoelastic properties suggest that contrary to common belief, it may lack shock absorption abilities; instead, condylar hyaline cartilage may be a better shock absorber. These data demonstrate for the first time that vibrometry is a noncontact approach to dynamic mechanical characterization of hyaline and fibrocartilage cartilage with concrete relationships to standard quasistatic mechanical testing and biochemical composition. Thus, with a single tool, vibrometry greatly facilitates meeting multiple regulatory recommendations for mechanical characterization of cartilage replacements.